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"A Breathtaking Topic"

“What are you seeing lots of Doc?’ This is a pretty common question, so I figured might as well blog about a current issue. The answer for today is PNEUMONIA. Cause:

  • Pneumonia is a multifactorial disease

  • Infectious Agents

  • There are many viral, bacterial and even some fungal causes

  • Some infectious agents are contracted while others can be normal inhabitants of the respiratory tract that have overpopulated.

  • Environmental Conditions

  • Low temperatures, high humidity, poor ventilation (if housed)

  • Extreme or sudden weather changes

  • Overcrowding


  • Dull or depressed

  • Decreased appetite

  • Fever

  • Eye or nasal discharge

  • Coughing

  • Drooped ears

  • Increased respiratory rate


  • Many cases of pneumonia respond to treatment with antibiotics and anti-inflammatories

  • It is best to discuss the case with a veterinarian to decide the proper medications to use.

Prevention: Some things, such as changing weather conditions, are out of our control. However, there are a few things you can do to help prevent or reduce the severity of pneumonia such as:

  • Colostrum- make sure newborns receive adequate colostrum in the first 4-12 hours of birth. This is important for their immune system.

  • Monitor-check all animals every day and watch for any symptoms mentioned previously.

  • Vaccinations- There are many vaccines that can be used in some species to help prevent pneumonia. However, they are not available for all infectious agents and are not always 100% effective. Vaccines work best when given to healthy animals and properly boostered.

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